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The borders of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from the north? The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is known as the Qibla of Muslims, and one of the most prominent countries in the Arab and Islamic world, and its capital is Riyadh. Its system of government is a hereditary monarchy, and the official currency in circulation is the Saudi riyal. It also adopts the Hijri calendar, which dates back to the migration of the Messenger (PBUH) to Medina. The Kingdom also borders on land with eight countries, and we will learn in this article, which of these countries, that share the northern border with the Kingdom. As well as the entire borders of the Kingdom on the map, including land and sea

The borders of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from the north

The borders of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from the north are: the Iraqi Republic and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. While from the northeast, it is bordered by the State of Kuwait, and from the east, by the State of Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Bahrain. While it is bordered on the south by the Republic of Yemen, and on the southeast by the Sultanate of Oman. While the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia overlooks from the west on the Red Sea.

See also: How many countries have borders with Saudi Arabia .. The location and borders of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Information about the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

After introducing the borders of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from the north, we present some information related to the Kingdom and its characteristics. What distinguishes the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from the countries of the world, as follows:

  • The highest peak in the country, with a height of about 3,015 meters above sea level, is the Peak of Al-Soudah. Whereas the lowest point in the Kingdom is the Red Sea.
  • The flag of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is characterized by its rectangular shape and green ground. Also, in the middle of it is the phrase the shahada in white (there is no god but God and Muhammad is the Messenger of God) written in thuluth script, and beneath it is the Arabic sword whose fist is directed towards the flagpole. Likewise, the kingdom’s flag shall not be at half-mast for any reason, and it shall not touch the ground or the surface of the water, in respect of the phrase shahada (tawhid) written on it.
  • Saudi Arabia takes its emblem, which is two curved Arab swords that intersect, with a palm tree on top. The two swords also symbolize the strength and invincibility of the kingdom and the sacrifices that were made to establish it. While the palm tree symbolizes prosperity and growth, and the vitality of development and prosperity in all fields.
  • The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia celebrates its National Day on the first day of the month of Libra, corresponding to September 23 of each year, the date of the declaration of the Kingdom as a unified state, by the founding King, King Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud, in the year 1351 AH corresponding to the year 1932 AD.
  • The currency of the Kingdom is the Saudi riyal, which is a coin covered with gold, and the denominations of the currency are: Paper notes, which are divided into: one riyal, five riyals, ten riyals, twenty riyals, fifty riyals, one hundred riyals, two hundred riyals, and five hundred riyals. As for the mineral, it is divided into the following categories: one riyal, fifty halalas, twenty five halalas, ten halalas, and five halalas. The riyal is exchanged against the US dollar by about 3.75 riyals, that is, three riyals and seventy-five halalas.
  • The Saudi Arabian Oil Company, Aramco, also managed to discover two new oil and gas fields in the northern parts of the Kingdom, which are the Hajrah Plateau gas field in the Al-Jawf region, and the Abraq Al-Tolul field in the northern border region. In a statement to the Saudi Press Agency, the Saudi Minister of Energy stated: “The gas rich in condensate flowed from the Al-Sara reservoir in the Al-Hajrah plateau field, east of the city of Sakaka, at a rate of 16 million standard cubic feet per day, accompanied by 1,944 barrels of condensate.” He also added: “The unconventional, excellent Arab light oil flowed from the Sharurah reservoir in the Abraq al-Tulul field in the southeast of the city of Arar, at a rate of 3,189 barrels per day, accompanied by about 1.1 million standard cubic feet of gas per day, while the gas flowed from the Qawara reservoir in the field. itself, at a rate of 2.4 million standard cubic feet per day, accompanied by 49 barrels per day of condensate.”

Geography of Saudi Arabia

On its northern borders, with Iraq and Jordan, Saudi Arabia has diverse terrain. Perhaps this is due to the geographical area over which the territory of the Kingdom extends. In fact, this area covers about 70% of the entire area of ​​the Arabian Peninsula, which is about 2,149.690 million square kilometers, which is an estimated 830,000 square miles. Moreover, its land borders are approximately 4,531 square kilometers. Below we will learn about the geography of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, as well as the geographical location of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, as follows:

Deserts in Saudi Arabia

In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which borders to the north with Iraq and Jordan, deserts spread over vast areas. Where sand dunes abound, such as the Empty Quarter desert in the southeast, with an estimated area of ​​about 64,000 square kilometers, it is the second desert in the world in terms of area. The Al-Dahna Desert, which is characterized by its red sand, lies in the middle of the Arabian Peninsula. As well as the great desert of influence, which extends between Zulfi in Qassim and then Hail in the north.

Valleys of Saudi Arabia

Although the borders of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are to the north, with the Republic of Iraq and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, dry and flowing valleys abound in it, on its eastern sides, the most famous of which is Wadi Al-Dawasir. On the western side, the most famous valleys are Wadi Bisha, Wadi Al-Rama, Wadi Fatima, and Wadi Al-Haidah.

mountains of Saudi Arabia

Mountainous heights are widespread in the Kingdom, such as the Sarawat Mountains, which rise about 9000 meters above the level of the land surface. Tuwaiq Mountains, Aja and Salma Mountains, Al-Arid Mountains, and many others.

Plains of Saudi Arabia

The most famous plains of the Kingdom is the Tihama Plain, which extends along the entire coast of the Red Sea. While its length is about 1100 km. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia also separates two important coasts: the Red Sea in the west, which varies in width according to its coast, as it narrows in Al-Wajh Governorate, and then begins to widen in the Jazan region. Also, to the east, the coast of the Arabian Gulf extends, which ends at the Kuwaiti border in the north, extends towards the Qatari border and is confined to the Al-Summan plateau.

Saudi Arabia’s climate

The terrain plays a prominent role in the diversity of the Kingdom’s climate from one region to another, as it is located in the hot tropical region, where it is dominated by a continental climate, hot in summer, cold in winter, and a temperate climate on the western and southwestern highlands, unlike the central regions, which Its summers are dry and hot, and its winters are cold. While the humidity and temperature rise on the coasts.

See also: My homeland, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is located in the heart of the world

Administrative divisions of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

After addressing the borders of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from the north, the Kingdom has been divided into 13 administrative regions, according to the system of regions issued by the Noble Royal Decree No. (92/1) issued on 27/8/1412 AH. In turn, the region is divided into a number of governorates, the number of which varies from one region to another, and the governorate (the emirate) is divided into a group of centers and villages.

The most prominent cities of the Kingdom

The borders of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from the north are well known, but there are many important cities in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This is because of its deep-rooted civilizational history, its religious importance, or the manifestations of modernity in its facilities and infrastructure, and the most important of these cities:

  • Riyadh: The official capital of Saudi Arabia, and the center of the Riyadh region. It is also located at 46 degrees longitude, 24 degrees latitude, and in the middle of the Kingdom. King Fahd, and King Khalid Airport.
  • The city of Makkah Al-Mukarramah: It is the center of the Emirate of Makkah Al-Mukarramah, located at a longitude of 39 degrees and a latitude of 21 degrees. The holy places, such as the Kaaba, the Grand Mosque, and the shrine of the Prophet Ibrahim, peace be upon him, are located in it. It also houses the building of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, and Umm Al-Qura University, the first university in the Kingdom.
  • Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah: It is the center of the Emirate of Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah, located at a longitude of 36 degrees and a latitude of 24 degrees. And there are many Islamic holy places, such as the tomb of the Messenger (may God’s prayers and peace be upon him), the Prophet’s Mosque, the King Fahd Complex for printing copies of the Noble Qur’an, and the Islamic University.
  • Jeddah: It is located between longitudes 20-39 and 5-29, and latitudes 45-21 and 25-21. It is also located on the coast of the Red Sea, and it contains the port of Jeddah for commercial exchanges.
  • Abha City: It is the center of the Emirate of Asir. It is located at a longitude of 24 degrees and a latitude of 18 degrees. It is considered one of the most prominent tourist cities. It contains the Asir National Park and Abha Airport.
  • The city of Hail: It is the center of the Emirate of Hail, and it is located at a longitude of 41 degrees and a latitude of 27 degrees on the western side of Wadi Al-Adira. It is also distinguished by its ancient archaeological palaces and drawings dating back to the Thamudic civilization.
  • Al-Baha City: It is the center of the Emirate of Al-Baha, located at 41 degrees longitude and 20 degrees latitude, in the southwestern side of Saudi Arabia. It is one of the tourist cities and is characterized by its mild climate and dense forests. It is the smallest Saudi city.
  • Buraidah: It is the center of the Emirate of Qassim, located at 43 degrees longitude and 26 degrees latitude. It is characterized by its thriving agricultural production, the King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Sports City, and the abundance of factories.
  • The city of Tabuk: It is the center of the Emirate of Tabuk and is located at 28 degrees longitude and 36 degrees latitude. It is also famous for its agricultural products: flowers, fruit trees, and wheat.
  • Jazan City: It is the center of the Jazan region and is located at 42 degrees longitude and 16 degrees latitude. There are several historical landmarks, such as Abu Arish Castle, the Jazan Valley Dam and Jizan Port.

See also: The system of government in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a monarchy, in which the ruler is called a king

Economy and Industry in the Kingdom

Returning to the borders of Saudi Arabia from the north; The Kingdom is rich in natural resources, most notably energy sources such as gas and oil, especially in the eastern region, which has contributed pivotally to raising the economy in the country. It was also based on many industries, such as the petrochemical industry, plastics, oil refining, mining, and the woolen materials industry. Which raised the value of factories’ capital, and increased the need for numbers of employees. This made the Kingdom a market, attracting incoming foreign labor. Not to mention the Saudi government’s interest in implementing policies aimed at developing local industry and small enterprises, to enhance investments in available resources. Or by providing all support to the private sector as a major partner in the development of the Saudi industry. We do not forget the plans included in the Kingdom’s Vision 2030, which is one of the characteristics of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia today, which was launched by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman to develop and raise the level of production at all levels and fields, of which industry and the economy have the largest share.

Thus, we have shown the borders of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from the north. We also touched on brief information about the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. And how Saudi Arabia has become now thanks to the development projects and the policy pursued by the Kingdom’s government aimed at increasing the prosperity and well-being of the people of Saudi society in all their conditions, urban, rural and in the desert.

the reviewer

  • ^ stats.gov.sa, General information about the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 09/29/2021
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